The main cause of skin cancer is cumulative exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from the sun. It is therefore not surprising that skin cancer is Australia’s most common form of cancer, mostly due to our love of the outdoors and the weather our country is exposed to.
There are two main categories of skin cancer:
- Melanoma – is a cancerous growth of the pigment cells residing in the skin. These aggressive cancers can spread locally, or to other parts of the body.
- Non-melanoma skin cancers – this broad group of tumors encompass the many other types of cancerous growths that can develop from other components of the skin. The commonest types include the squamous and basal cell carcinomas.